How Much Do Solar Batteries Cost in 2024?

The average cost of solar battery installation is $12,175, but the cost typically varies from $7,850 to $16,500.

solar battery

Solar roofs are a great way to produce clean energy and lower your electricity bill, but your fancy new roof cannot store collected energy without the help of a battery backup system. You can expect to spend between $7,850 to $16,500, or a national average of $12,175, for a solar battery system and installation.  

The battery stores collected solar power so your home can use it when your solar array cannot produce energy. The battery backup system and solar array are both building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV). Keep in mind it is more cost-effective to install the battery at the same time as your new solar array to create a hybrid system. 

In this pricing guide, we’ll cover:

Average Costs of Solar Batteries

National Average Cost$12,175
Typical Price Range$7,850 – $16,500
Extreme Low End Cost$240
Extreme High End Cost$30,000

Most solar battery installations fall into the $7,850 to $16,500 range, but many factors can impact your budget and overall costs. A small lead-acid battery used for emergency power in an RV can cost as little as $240, while a luxury, German-manufactured Sonnen battery for a 6,000-square-foot home can set you back as much as $30,000

Solar Battery Cost Estimator By Kilowatt-Hour

Solar roof systems produce the most energy in the middle of the day when you are using the least amount of home energy. Without a battery, this energy is sent back to the power grid. Solar batteries help lower your electric bill and allow you to use energy when you need it most, like during a power outage. 

One of the best ways to estimate the overall system cost is to know how much energy in kilowatt-hours (kWh) your new solar battery needs to capture to power your home and appliances. On average, solar batteries cost between $400 to $750 per kilowatt-hour.

Solar batteries installed between‌ 2023 to 2032 are eligible for a 30% credit on materials and labor. 

Solar Battery Cost by Units

Larger homes may require more than one battery to power the home or offset 100% of electricity costs. Most solar batteries can be joined together to create circuits, creating one larger unit with greater capacity.   

The U.S. Energy Information Association estimates that the average home uses around 29 kWh per day, or 886 kWh per month. It is important to understand how many kWh your home needs to support your average use if you want to save the most on your electric bill. 

While many homeowners aim to offset 100% of their electric bills, most installations offset 40% to 60% of annual costs. It is also a good idea to purchase a larger capacity battery then stack smaller, less expensive batteries, together in a modular system. The larger your circuit, the higher its potential rate of failure. 

Other Factors That Affect Cost

Going solar is a big decision with large upfront costs. It is more economical to install your new battery storage system at the same time as your solar roof. Consider these additional factors affecting your installation costs, including location, labor costs, incentives, and more.  

Federal Solar Tax Credit

Solar upgrades, including solar storage systems and solar roofing materials, are eligible for a government tax credit. The program runs to 2035. 

Solar batteries installed between‌ 2022 to 2032 are eligible for a 30% credit. Systems installed in 2033 are only eligible for a 26% credit, and those installed in 2034 will receive a 22% credit. There is no maximum amount a homeowner can claim. 

Expenses include: 

  • Energy storage devices with a capacity rating of 3 kilowatt-hours or greater
  • Solar shingles, tiles, or panels
  • Contractor labor costs, including permitting fees and inspection costs
  • Balancing equipment, including wiring, mounting equipment, and inverters
  • Sales tax on expenses

Many states also have policies governing renewable energy, offering their own incentives and rebates. The federal tax credit expires in 2035 unless it receives a congressional extension.

Year2022 – 203220332034
Tax Credit30%26%22%

Solar Battery Cost Estimator by Chemistry

Most residential solar systems use lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries, the same technology found in smartphones. These batteries replaced cheaper lead-acid batteries, and there are two main types used in solar storage systems under the Li-ion umbrella: lithium iron phosphate (LFP) and nickel manganese cobalt (NMC).

NMC battery technology is older and slightly less expensive than LFP technology. NMC batteries have a higher energy density making the physical size smaller than the same capacity LFP battery. Additionally, NMC batteries perform better in cold temperatures. Overall, there are not many notable differences between the two cathode types. 

Here’s a look at some of the most popular solar batteries:

BatteryLithium-Ion Battery Type
Enphase EnchargeLFP
Generac PWRcellNMC
Panasonic EverVoltLFP
SunPower SunvaultLFP
Tesla PowerwallNMC

Solar Battery Cost Estimator by Brand

Several U.S. brands manufacture solar storage systems, and as the technology continues to rise in popularity, we can expect to see more brands develop their own batteries. 

Here are the most popular solar batteries and their average cost before tax incentives. Note that these costs will vary depending on your location and other factors. 

Let’s look at the most popular solar storage systems:

  • Enphase Encharge
  • Generac PWRcell
  • LG Chem RESU Prime
  • Panasonic EverVolt
  • Sonnen
  • SunPower Sunvault
  • Tesla Powerwall

Enphase Encharge

Enphase offers a 3.36 kWh storage system and a larger system with a capacity of 10.8 kWh. For the last decade, Enphase has been the market leader in microinverter technology for solar arrays. On the downside, while its modular storage systems are high-quality, they won’t work with any existing inverters, requiring an Enphase microinverter to operate. 

Generac PWRcell

Generac works to meet any budget with its three and six-module configurations offering 9 kWh to 18 kWh of capacity. Each PWRcell inverter handles up to 36kWh of storage capacity so systems are easily upgradeable to meet growing energy demands. 

LG Chem RESU Prime

LG Chem’s RESU Prime batteries come in two capacities: 9.6 kWh and 16 kWh. The modular systems are upgradable, featuring the highest round-trip efficiency of any home energy storage system with a rating of 96%. 

Panasonic EverVolt

Panasonic’s EverVolt 2.0 helps homeowners achieve energy independence. The storage solution delivers an impressive 17.1 kWh up to 25.65 kWh storage capacity, and homeowners can monitor the all-weather system from their phones with an intuitive mobile app.


The German-engineered and luxury-minded SonneCore+ and ecoLinx come in three capacities ranging from 10 kWh to 30 kWh and are 100% recyclable. Sonnen backs each storage system with a 10-year or 15-year, 10,000-cycle to 15,000-cycle warranty, and the sleek designs pair with any new or existing solar array.  

SunPower Sunvault

SunPower’s flexible solar energy storage system features a minimalistic design that comes in multiple storage capacities ranging from 13 kWh to 52 kWh. The smart, app-controlled system supplies backup power during blackouts and decreases energy and time of use during peak hours.

Tesla Powerwall

Elon Musk’s easy-to-install Tesla Powerwall 2 features a powerful electrical interface that is simple to connect while its compact design is equipped with industry-leading energy density. Tesla’s smart energy system provides 13 kWh of storage for self-consumption, backup, and time-based control.

Labor Cost to Install a Solar Battery 

The cost of solar batteries typically decreases when installed at the same time as a solar panel system, and you should be prepared to spend approximately 60% of your total project costs on labor. 

The total cost of installation combines materials and labor, and most solar providers charge per hour, with the average cost of installation falling between $45 to $70 per hour. 

Additionally, solar battery storage systems require skilled electrical work. Your contractor will work with a local electrician to complete this portion of the job. Typically, electricians cost between $45 to $135 per hour. 

Overall, labor rates depend on your location, the experience of the installer and electrician, the complexity of your installation, and other electrical work necessary to complete your job like a critical load panel or inverter installation. 

SpecialtyLabor Cost
Solar installer per hr.$45 – $70
Electrician per hr.$45 to $135

Critical Load Panel

Most homeowners install a backup load panel, or critical load panel, with their new battery system. The electrician routes important home technology such as lights, refrigerators, and freezers to the new load panel, ensuring they have priority and remain operational during blackouts. 

Typical solar storage installations do not contain enough storage capacity to power every electronic in a home, especially energy-consuming air conditioners. Critical load panel installation and retrofitting typically cost between $1,100 to $3,000.


Your new solar battery stores direct current (DC). For your home to make use of the stored energy, it has to convert the current to alternating current (AC). Most storage systems do this automatically with a built-in inverter. However, some storage systems require an outside inverter. Inverter installations typically cost between $1,000 to $1,500. 

Related Services 

Solar batteries most obviously require a solar roofing system. However, there are a few other related services and upgrades you should consider when making your decision.

Solar Roof Installation

Solar shingles and solar panels use solar cells to harness the sun’s rays and convert them into electricity. Traditional solar panels are simply larger versions of solar shingles, and both solar arrays work with energy storage systems. 

Check out some of the key differences:

Solar ShinglesSolar Panels
Installation Cost
*materials and labor included
*for peak performance
25 – 30 years25 – 30 years
Size12 inches x 86 inches x 1 inch39 inches x 65 inches x 1.5 inches
Weight13 pounds per square foot40 pounds each
Installation TimeMinimum 1 weekLess than 1 day
Efficiency10% – 22%15% – 22%
Output13 to 63 watts per shingle250  to 400 watts per panel

Roof Removal

If your solar roof installation is part of a roof replacement, your roofers will need to remove the old materials for disposal. You can expect to spend between $1 to $3 per square foot, or around $1,200, for the service. 

Outdoor Housing

Most solar storage systems are rated for indoor and outdoor use. However, some batteries require additional outdoor housing to weatherproof the system. 

BatteryIndoor/Outdoor Rating
Enphase EnchargeIndoor/Outdoor
Generac PWRcellIndoor/Outdoor
LG Chem RESU PrimeIndoor/Outdoor
Panasonic EverVoltIndoor/Outdoor
SunPower SunvaultIndoor/Outdoor
Tesla PowerwallIndoor/Outdoor

Cost of Solar Batteries By Location

All solar installations vary widely based on location and cost of living. Labor and materials cost significantly more in metro areas like Los Angeles or New York. 

There is no way to know exactly what your solar storage installation will cost without receiving free quotes from professional contractors in your area to compare.  

FAQ About Solar Batteries

Can I DIY install a solar battery?

No. Home solar systems are a complicated technology, requiring electrical and building permits to modify or install, and improper installation can void the manufacturer’s warranty. 

How long do solar batteries last? 

Most solar batteries maintain performance for 10 years, but this lifespan can range between 5 to 15 years. The longevity depends on many factors, including brand, battery chemistry, and ambient temperature. Be prepared to replace your solar battery about halfway through the 25-year lifespan of your solar roof.

How long can a solar battery power a house?

Most home solar batteries power essential functions, not including electric heat or air conditioning, for a minimum of 12 hours. Typical installations with a 10-kWh storage capacity can power a house for 24 hours or more. 

Can I go off-grid with a home battery?

Many homeowners seek energy independence with their new solar roof installations. However, it is important to understand the battery storage system you select for your home. Not all batteries are designed to work independently of the grid, but it is possible with the right setup.  

Find a Solar Battery Pro Near You 

Installing a solar storage system ensures you get the most out of your new solar roof. The 30% tax credit makes it affordable for many homeowners, making it a great time to install the worthy investment. You can expect to spend between $7,850 to $16,500, or a national average of $12,175, for a solar battery system and installation.

If you are ready to decrease your home’s grid reliance, RoofGnome connects you to the best solar installation pros in your area to learn about the brands and your options. 

Main Image Credit: 12875116 / Canva Pro / License

Kimberly Magerl

Kimberly Magerl is a writer and data analyst specializing in home improvement, DIY, roofing, and solar technologies. She enjoys growing vegetables in her garden, getting outdoors, and transforming her space with DIY projects. A resident of Texas, when she isn't gardening, Kimberly enjoys trying new recipes and cooking with her home-grown herbs.